The effect of acupressure on fatigue among female nurses with chronic back pain.
Appl Nurs Res. 2017 Aug ;36:111-114. Epub 2017 Jun 15. PMID: 28720230
AIM: To investigate the effect of acupressure on fatigue among female nurses with chronic back pain.
BACKGROUND: Chronic back pain is one of the most common problems among nurses and has numerous physical and psychological effects. One of these effects is fatigue that impairs an individual's life.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized single-blind clinical trial was conducted on 50 nurses with chronic back pain working at the selected hospitals in Isfahan, Iran. After convenient sampling, the subjects were randomly allocated, through lottery, to the two groups of experimental (n=25) and sham (n=25). In the experimental group, acupressure techniques were performed during 9 sessions, 3 times a week for 14min for each patient. In the sham group, points within 1cm of the main points were only touched. Data were collected using the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), before, and immediately, 2weeks, and 4weeks after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software.
RESULTS: The mean score of fatigue severity before the intervention was not significantly different between the two groups (P=0.990). However, it was significantly lower in the experimental group than the sham group immediately (P<0.001), 2weeks (P=0.005), and 1month after the intervention (P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Acupressure on specific points of the foot and back improves back pain so, reduces fatigue. Therefore, acupressure can be used as a drug-free and low-cost approach without side effects to improve fatigue in nurses with chronic back pain.