Acupressure, Sleep, and Quality of Life in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Feb 2. Epub 2017 Feb 2. PMID: 28152177
OBJECTIVES: Nursing home (NH) residents suffer from sleep disturbances which are associated with a low quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of comparing acupressure on specific acupoints with acupressure on non-specific acupoints in older NH residents with sleep disturbances.
DESIGN: A randomized control trial with a pre- and post-test design.
SETTING: One NH in Taiwan.
PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two older NH residents were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 31) and a sham-controlled group (n = 31).
INTERVENTION: The experimental group received acupressure on the Tian-Zhu, Ju-Que, Yong-Quan, Bai-Hui, and Nei-Guan acupoints three times a week for 8 weeks, for 24 minutes each time, while the control group received a massage at locations with no acupoints, which were 10 mm from the true points, at the same frequency as the experimental group.
MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the secondary outcome was measured using the Short-form 36 (SF-36). Data were collected at baseline, the end of treatment, and 4 weeks after completion of treatment.
RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the experimental group had significantly better scores on the PSQI (t = -7.72, P<0.001) and SF-36 (t = 1.34, P<0.001) during the intervention period. The improvements in the PSQI and SF-36 scores were still significant (P<0.001) after adjusting for confounding variables by generalized estimating equations.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that acupressure on the Tian-Zhu, Ju-Que, Yong-Quan, Bai-Hui, and Nei-Guan acupoints can improve the quality of sleep and life among NH residents. Acupressure is a promising intervention that may improve well-being for NH residents with sleep disturbances.