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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Acute exercise and mindfulness meditation on learning and memory: randomized controlled intervention.

Abstract Source:

Health Promot Perspect. 2019 ;9(4):314-318. Epub 2019 Oct 24. PMID: 31777712

Abstract Author(s):

Malina Austin, Paul D Loprinzi

Article Affiliation:

Malina Austin

Abstract:

The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the potential combined effects of acute exercise and mindfulness mediation on episodic memory.All data collection occurred in the authors' laboratory (January to May of 2019). In this three-arm, within-subject design, participants (N=20; M=21.6 years) completed three counterbalanced laboratory visits, including Exercise Only, Exercise + Meditation and Control. Learning and memory were assessed from a word-list task. A one-factor repeated-measures ANOVA was computed for two memory outcomes, including the learning outcome (average performance across the 6 trials) and the long-term memory recall (10-minute delay).The exercise conditions had a greater learning effect when compared to the Control visit, M= 0.68 (95% CI: 0.10, 1.25), P = 0.02. The Exercise + Memory visit had better longterm memory when compared to Exercise Only, M= 0.95 (95% CI: 0.07, 1.83), P = 0.03.The present experiment provides suggestive evidence that acute exercise may enhance learning and, when coupling acute exercise prior to encoding with meditation during early consolidation, long-term memory may be enhanced.

Study Type : Human Study

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