Aged garlic extract with supplement is associated with increase in brown adipose, decrease in white adipose tissue and predict lack of progression in coronary atherosclerosis.
Int J Cardiol. 2013 Mar 1. Epub 2013 Mar 1. PMID: 23453866
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA; Greater Los Angeles Veterans Administration Medical Center, UCLA-School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: email@example.com.
BACKGROUND: Aged garlic extract with supplement (AGE-S) significantly reduces coronary artery calcium (CAC). We evaluated the effects of AGE-S on change in white (wEAT) and brown (bEAT) epicardial adipose tissue, homocysteine and CAC. METHODS: Sixty subjects, randomized to a daily capsule of placebo vs. AGE-S inclusive of aged garlic-extract (250mg) plus vitamin-B12 (100μg), folic-acid (300μg), vitamin-B6 (12.5mg) and l-arginine (100mg) underwent CAC, wEAT and bEAT measurements at baseline and 12months. The postcuff deflation temperature-rebound index of vascular function was assessed using a reactive-hyperemia procedure. Vascular dysfunction was defined according to the tertiles of temperature-rebound at 1year of follow-up. CAC progression was defined as an annual-increase in CAC>15%. RESULTS: From baseline to 12months, there was a strong correlation between increase in wEAT and CAC (r(2)=0.54, p=0.0001). At 1year, the risks of CAC progression and increased wEAT and homocysteine were significantly lower in AGE-S to placebo (p<0.05). Similarly, bEAT and temperature-rebound were significantly higher in AGE-S as compared to placebo (p<0.05). Strong association between increase in temperature-rebound and bEAT/wEAT ratio (r(2)=0.80, p=0.001) was noted, which was more robust in AGE-S. Maximum beneficial effect of AGE-S was noted with increase in bEAT/wEAT ratio, temperature-rebound, and lack of progression of homocysteine and CAC. CONCLUSIONS: AGE-S is associated with increase in bEAT/wEAT ratio, reduction of homocysteine and lack of progression of CAC. Increases in bEAT/wEAT ratio correlated strongly with increases in vascular function measured by temperature-rebound and predicted a lack of CAC progression and plaque stabilization in response to AGE-S.