Alcohol is an immunosuppressive agent. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Infection and Alcoholic Liver Disease.
Clin Liver Dis. 2016 Aug ;20(3):595-606. Epub 2016 Apr 2. PMID: 27373619
Acute and chronic alcohol use leads to an impaired immune response and dysregulated inflammatory state that contributes to a markedly increased risk of infection. Via shared mechanisms of immune-mediated injury, alcohol can alter the clinical course of viral infections such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus. These effects are most evident in patients with alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis. This article provides an overview of alcohol's effect on the immune system and contribution to the risks and outcomes of specific infectious diseases.