All the polyphenols exhibited a significant cytotoxicity against melanoma cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Preliminary Studies on the Activity of Mixed Polyphenol-Heterocyclic Systems Against B16-F10 Melanoma Cancer Cells.
Med Chem. 2016 ;12(5):419-25. PMID: 26825069
Duc Duy Vo
The Bcl-2 family includes 26 proteins involved in apoptosis. Cancer cells can develop the ability to avoid apoptosis through the upregulation and/or down regulation of such proteins Bax, Bcl-xL or Mcl-1, especially during chemoresistance progress. These proteins engaged in a network of dynamic interactions that control apoptosis triggering have become attractive therapeutic targets in cancers including melanoma. Among them, the Bax/Bcl-xL interaction appears critical in maintaining mitochondria integrity. Therefore a series of mixed polyphenol-heterocyclic molecules, were rationally designed by molecular docking as Bax/Bcl-xL inhibitors. It has been screened against B16-F10 melanoma cancer cells for a preliminary investigation of their cytotoxicity. All these compounds exhibited a significant cytotoxicity against these cancer cells, in the 0.3-6 .M range. A pyrazole-type molecule, which had a submicromolar IC50 value with an excellent selectivity index (14), is the most promising derivative for further development.