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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Allicin-induced host-gut microbe interactions improves energy homeostasis.

Abstract Source:

FASEB J. 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3. PMID: 32619085

Abstract Author(s):

Chuanhai Zhang, Xiaoyun He, Yao Sheng, Cui Yang, Jia Xu, Shujuan Zheng, Junyu Liu, Wentao Xu, Yunbo Luo, Kunlun Huang

Article Affiliation:

Chuanhai Zhang

Abstract:

Allicin (diallylthiosulfinate) is a natural food compound with multiple biological and pharmacological functions. However, the mechanism of beneficial role of Allicin on energy homeostasis is not well studied. Gut microbiota (GM) profoundly affects host metabolism via microbiota-host interactions and coevolution. Here, we investigated the interventions of beneficial microbiome induced by Allicin on energy homeostasis, particularly obesity, and related complications. Interestingly, Allicin treatment significantly improved GM composition and induced the most significant alteration enrichment of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. Importantly, transplantation of the Allicin-induced GM to HFD mice (AGMT) played a remarkable role in decreasing adiposity, maintaining glucose homeostasis, and ameliorating hepatic steatosis. Furthermore, AGMT was effective in modulating lipid metabolism, activated brown adipose tissues (BATs), induced browning in sWAT, reduced inflammation, and inhibited the degradation of intestinal villi. Mechanically, AGMT significantly increased Blautia [short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs)-producing microbiota] and Bifidobacterium in HFD mice, also increased the SCFAs in the cecum, which has been proved many beneficial effects on energy homeostasis. Our study highlights that Allicin-induced host-gut microbe interactions plays an important role in regulating energy homeostasis, which provides a promising potential therapy for obesity and metabolic disorders based on host-microbe interactions.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Sayer Ji
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