Allicin provided cardioprotection for cardiac hypertrophy. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Allicin improves the function of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells by increasing PECAM-1 in rats with cardiac hypertrophy.
Phytomedicine. 2018 Dec 1 ;51:241-254. Epub 2018 Oct 19. PMID: 30466623
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac microvascular damage is significantly associated with the development of cardiac hypertrophy (CH). Researchers found that allicin could inhibit CH, but the relationship between cardiac microvessel and the inhibition of allicin on CH has not been reported. We aimed to investigate the effect of allicin on the function of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) in CH rat.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hemodynamic parameters were measured by BL-420F biological function experimental system and the indicators of the ventricular structure and function were measured by echocardiographic system. MTT assay was performed to assess the cell viability. Nitrite detection was performed to detect nitric oxide content. The morphology and molecular characteristics were detected by electron micrographs, immunofluorescence, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blot. Wound healing experiment, analysis of tube formation and shear adaptation were performed to assess CMECs migration ability, angiogenesis and shear-responsiveness respectively.
RESULT: Our findings have identified that microvascular density was decreased by observing the expression of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) in CH rats. Interestingly, allicin improved the distribution and expression of PECAM-1. Meanwhile, allicin enhanced the migration and angiogenesis ability of CMECs, activated PECAM-1-PI3K-AKT-eNOS signaling pathway, however, the role of allicin was disappear after PECAM-1 was silenced. Allicin decreased the expression of caspase-3 and receptor interacting protein 3 (RIP3), inhibited necroptosis, and increased the levels of Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFR-β). Under 10 dyn/cmcondition, allicin advanced the modification ability of CMECs's shear-adaptation by activating PECAM-1.
CONCLUSION: Allicin provided cardioprotection for CH rats by improving the function of CMECs through increasing the expression of PECAM-1.