Allicin suppresses growth and metastasis of gastric carcinoma. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Allicin suppresses growth and metastasis of gastric carcinoma: the key role of microRNA-383-5p-mediated inhibition of ERBB4 signaling.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2020 Jun 28:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 28. PMID: 32597323
Allicin is a natural product suppressing the progression of gastric carcinoma (GC). In the current study, the mechanism underlying the anti-GC effect of allicin was explored by focusing on the role of miR-383-5p/ERBB4 signaling. Two GC cell lines were treated with allicin and the effects on viability, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and miR-383-5p/ERBB4 activity in the cells were assessed. The interaction between allicin and miR-383-5p was further explored by inhibiting the miR-383-5p level. Allicin suppressed cell viability and induced apoptosis in both GC cell lines. The compound also inhibited migration and invasion of GC cells, which was associated with the up-regulation miR-383-5p and down-regulation of ERBB4. The inhibition of miR-383-5p by specific inhibitor blocked the anti-GC effect of allicin. Our results demonstrated that allicin contributed to the suppressed growth and metastasis potentials in GC cell lines. The effect was accompanied by an increased level of miR-383-5p and subsequent inhibition of ERBB4.