Preparation of allyl isothiocyanate nanoparticles, their anti-inflammatory activity towards RAW 264.7 macrophage cells and anti-proliferative effect on HT1376 bladder cancer cells.
J Sci Food Agric. 2019 Apr ;99(6):3106-3116. Epub 2019 Jan 25. PMID: 30516283
BACKGROUND: Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), a volatile and water-insoluble compound present in several cruciferous vegetables, has been shown to possess several biological qualities such as anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-cancer activity. In this study, water-soluble allyl isothiocyanate nanoparticles (AITC-NPs) were prepared by oil dispersed in water (O/W) microemulsion and complex coacervation techniques and evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity towards macrophage cell RAW 264.7 and anti-cancer effect on human bladder cancer cell HT1376.
RESULTS: The AITC-NPs with a particle size of 9.4 nm were stable during heating up to 110 °C or three freeze-thawing cycles. No significant cytotoxicity was shown on Caco-2 and intestine epithelial IEC-6 cells at AITC-NP doses ranging from 0.25 to 2 g L(8.75-70 mg LAITC). However, at 2 g Ldosage, AITC-NPs could inhibit the growth of human bladder cancer cells HT1376 by 90%, while their low dosage at 0.25 g Lcould inhibit migration ability by 83.7, 71.3, 58.4 and 31.4% after 4, 8, 12, and 24 h of incubation, respectively. Compared to AITC and NPs, AITC-NPs showed a better inhibition on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF-α, IL-6, NO and iNOS production in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells.
CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate the potential of AITC-NPs as therapeutic agents for the treatment of bladder cancer and the enhancement of immune function.© 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.