Allyl isothiocyanate, a potent chemopreventive agent targets AhR/Nrf2 signaling pathway in chemically induced mammary carcinogenesis.
Mol Cell Biochem. 2018 Jan ;437(1-2):1-12. Epub 2017 Jun 5. PMID: 28585088
In the present study, we investigated the effect of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) on liver detoxification signaling pathway in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary carcinogenesis. Mammary tumor was induced by a single dose of DMBA (25 mg/rat) injected subcutaneously near the mammary gland in Sprague-Dawley rats. DMBA-alone-treated rats show an increased synthesis of phase I detoxification enzymes, lipid peroxidative markers, liver marker enzymes, and lipid profiles whereas, depletion of phase II detoxification enzymes and antioxidants in rat liver tissues. Oral administration of AITC restored the levels of biochemical markers in DMBA-treated rats. Furthermore, histopathological results also confirmed that AITC protects DMBA-mediated hepatocellular damage. We also observed that AITC treatment significantly downregulates AhR and upregulates the expression of Nrf2 in DMBA-treated rats. The binding efficacy of AITC with AhR and Nrf2 analysis by molecular docking studies reveals that AITC has strong interaction with AhR and Nrf2 proteins through hydrogen and hydrophobic interactions. Thus, AITC prevents DMBA-induced mammary carcinogenesis via inhibition of phase I and induction of phase II detoxification enzymes by modulating AhR/Nrf2 signaling pathway.