Aloe-emodin AttenuatesPathogenicity by Interfering With the Oligomerization ofα-Toxin.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2019 ;9:157. Epub 2019 May 15. PMID: 31157174
α-toxin, an essential virulence factor secreted by(), is a critical exotoxin in multiple infections. In this study, we found that aloe-emodin (AE), a natural compound lacking anti-activity, could inhibit the hemolytic activity ofα-toxin. Oligomerization assays, molecular dynamics simulations, and fluorescence-quenching analyses were used to determine the mechanism of this inhibition. The oligomerization of α-toxin was restricted by the engagement of AE with K110, T112, and M113 of the toxin, which eventually resulted in inhibition of the hemolytic activity. Lactate dehydrogenase and live/dead assays demonstrated that AE decreased the injury of human lung epithelial cells (A549) and mouse lung macrophages (MH-S) mediated by. Furthermore, treatment with AE showed robust protective effects in mice infected by. These findings suggest that AE effectively inhibited the pore-forming activity ofα-toxin and showed a protective effect againstvirulenceand, which may provide a new strategy and new antibacterial agent for clinical treatment ofinfections.