Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Aloe-Emodin Induces Breast Tumor Cell Apoptosis through Upregulation of miR-15a/miR-16-1 That Suppresses BCL2.

Abstract Source:

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020 ;2020:5108298. Epub 2020 Mar 3. PMID: 32190086

Abstract Author(s):

Xuefeng Jiang, Yusheng Liu, Guijuan Zhang, Shujun Lin, Jieyan Wu, Xianxin Yan, Yi Ma, Min Ma

Article Affiliation:

Xuefeng Jiang


Purpose: Aloe-emodin (AE) is a natural compound derived from aloe vera and palmatum rhubarb and shows anticancer activities in various cancers. Bcl-2 family is the main regulator of cell death or cell survival. This study describes the effects of AE on proliferation of breast tumor (BT) cells.

Methods: MCF-10A, MCF-10AT, MCF-7, and MDA-MB-231 cell lines were exposed to AE. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were assessed by CCK-8 and flow cytometry. Protein levels were measured by Western blotting. The levels of mRNA and miRNA were examined by RT-PCR. Bioinformatics was applied to screen miRNAs that bind to 3'-UTR of mRNA.

Results: The results showed that AE selective activity inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis of MCF-10AT and MCF-7 cells but exhibited no significant inhibition in MCF10A and MDA-MB-231 cells. Mechanistically, AE dose-dependently decreased the protein expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, while it increased Bax protein expression in MCF-10AT and MCF-7 cells. The levels of Bcl-xl and Bax mRNA were altered by AE treatment, which was consistent with the protein expression results. However, Bcl-2 mRNA levels were not affected in either cell line, suggesting that AE may modulate the protein translation of Bcl-2 through miRNAs. In all candidate miRNAs that bind to 3'-UTR of Bcl-2, miR-15a and miR-16-1 were dose-dependently downregulated by AE. Moreover, inhibition of miR-15a/16-1 could eliminate the inhibition of MCF-10AT and MCF-7 cells growth by AE and could reverse the downregulation of AE-induced Bcl-2 protein level.

Conclusion: Our research provides an important basis that AE induces BT cell apoptosis through upregulation of miR-15a/miR-16-1 that suppresses BCL2.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.