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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Alpha-Lipoic Acid Ameliorates Radiation-Induced Salivary Gland Injury by Preserving Parasympathetic Innervation in Rats.

Abstract Source:

Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Mar 25 ;21(7). Epub 2020 Mar 25. PMID: 32218158

Abstract Author(s):

Jin Hyun Kim, Bae Kwon Jeong, Si Jung Jang, Jeong Won Yun, Myeong Hee Jung, Ki Mun Kang, Tae Gyu Kim, Seung Hoon Woo

Article Affiliation:

Jin Hyun Kim

Abstract:

Radiation therapy is a standard treatment for patients with head and neck cancer. However, radiation exposure to the head and neck induces salivary gland (SG) dysfunction. Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) has been reported to reduce radiation-induced toxicity in normal tissues. In this study, we investigated the effect of ALA on radiation-induced SG dysfunction. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the following treatment groups: control, ALA only (100 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), irradiation only, and ALA administration 24 h or 30 min prior to irradiation. The neck area, including SGs, was irradiated evenly at 2 Gy/min (total dose, 18 Gy) using a photon 6 MV linear accelerator. The rats were sacrificed at 2, 6, 8, and 12 weeks after irradiation. Radiation decreased SG weight, saliva secretion, AQP5 expression, parasympathetic innervation (GFRα2 and AchE expression), regeneration potentials (Shh and Ptch expression), salivary trophic factor levels (brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurturin), and stem cell expression (Sca-1). These features were restored by treatment with ALA. This study demonstrated that ALA can rescue radiation-induced hyposalivation by preserving parasympathetic innervation and regenerative potentials.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Radiation
Pharmacological Actions : Radioprotective : CK(1247) : AC(406)

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