Alpha-lipoic acid could prevent from mitochondria dysfunction. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Protective Effects of Alpha Lipoic Acid Against Arsenic Induced Oxidative Stress in Isolated Rat Liver Mitochondria.
Biol Trace Elem Res. 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17. PMID: 33866498
Arsenic as a heavy metal and toxic pollutant has been established that has the hepatotoxic effect in animal and human models. Previous studies showed that mitochondria as the first target of arsenic toxicity has a pathogenic role in liver diseases. This study investigated alpha lipoic acid (ALA) as an antioxidant could ameliorate against liver toxicity induced by arsenic in rat mitochondria. First, mitochondria were isolated by the liver tissue centrifugation protocol. Then, isolated mitochondria were exposed with different concentrations of ALA and arsenic in different times for receiving the optimum dose and time. Finally, mitochondria were pretreated with the optimum concentrations and times of ALA and then treated with optimum concentration and time of arsenic (160μg/ml; 30 min). The results demonstrated a significant decrease in total mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity (mitochondrial complex II) by 3, 4 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after arsenic exposure. Mitochondria treated with arsenic also showed a significant increase in ROS generation, MMP, and MDA levels. The activity of mitochondrial catalase and mitochondrial GSH significantly decreased after exposure of mitochondria with arsenic. Pretreatment of mitochondria with ALA improved mitochondrial complex II activity; decreased mitochondrial membrane damage, MDA, and ROS amounts; and ameliorated mitochondrial GSH levels and mitochondrial catalase activity. These findings revealed that arsenic induced oxidative stress and mitochondria dysfunction, while ALA improved mitochondrial function through increasing of antioxidant defense or preserving ofcomplex II, but suggested that ALA could prevent from mitochondria dysfunction.