Ameliorative effect of diosmin, a citrus flavonoid against streptozotocin-nicotinamide generated oxidative stress induced diabetic rats.
Chem Biol Interact. 2012 Jan 5 ;195(1):43-51. Epub 2011 Oct 28. PMID: 22056647
Oxidative stress has been suggested as a contributory factor in development and complication of diabetes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of diosmin (DS) in oxidative stress in streptozotocin-nicotinamide (STZ-NA)-induced diabetic rats by measuring the lipid peroxidation (LPO) as well as the ameliorative properties. Experimental diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal (i.p) injection of STZ (45 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)) dissolved in 0.1 mol/L citrate buffer (pH 4.5), 15 min after the i.p administration of NA (110 mg/kg b.w.). Diabetic rats exhibited increased plasma glucose with significant decrease in plasma insulin levels. The activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and the levels of low-molecular weight antioxidants vitamin C, vitamin E and reduced glutathione (GSH) were decreased while increases in the levels of LPO markers were observed in liver and kidney tissues of diabetic control rats as compared to normal control rats. Oral treatment with DS (100mg/kg/day) for a period of 45 days showed significant ameliorative effects on all the biochemical parameters studied. Biochemical findings were supported by histological studies. These results indicated that DS has potential ameliorative effects in addition to its antidiabetic effect in type 2 diabetic rats.