Analyses of putative anti-cancer potential of three STAT3 signaling inhibitory compounds derived from.
Biochem Biophys Rep. 2021 Mar ;25:100882. Epub 2020 Dec 24. PMID: 33392396
The extract of(Common Sage) exhibited inhibitory activity of STAT3 signal after screening of several plants extracts using the STAT3-responsive reporter system. Cirsiliol, luteolin, and carnosol were identified from the methanol extract ofas inhibitors of STAT3 signaling and the effects of these three compounds on STAT3 protein or growth inhibition on cancer cells was compared. Luteolin at the dose of 90 μM clearly suppressed the phosphorylation of STAT3 induced by IL-6, while carnosol was prone to decrease total STAT3 proteins at high doses (>90 μM). Cirsiliol had almost no effect. Since the three compounds exhibited similar concentration-dependent suppression patterns in the reporter assay except for cirsiliol became plateau beyond 30 μM, these compounds appeared to function as STAT3 inhibitory factors in different ways. The direct anti-proliferative activity of three compounds was examined with or without the anti-cancer drug gefitinib using HepG2 and A549 cells. The anti-proliferative effect of the three compounds was additively enhanced by gefitinib. At the doses of 3.6 μM, statistically significant suppression of proliferation was observed in HepG2 cells only by cirsiliol among the three compounds in the absence of gefitinib but all three compounds were prone to suppress the proliferation of HepG2 cells and A549 cells dose-dependently although cirsiliol showed a modest dose-dependency and this suppression of proliferation was enhanced by the addition of gefitinib. Cirsiliol, a dimethyoxylated flavone, activated the natural killer activity of KHYG-1 cells against erythroleukemia K562 cells like a hexamethoxylated flavone, nobiletin, suggesting that it may also have an indirect anti-cancer potential through activation of NK cells. These results shed light on the putative anti-cancer potential of.