Anti-biofilm and anti-virulence effects of zerumbone against Acinetobacter baumannii. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Anti-biofilm and anti-virulence effects of zerumbone against.
Microbiology. 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28. PMID: 32463353
is a multidrug-resistant opportunistic pathogen that affects patients with a compromised immune system and is becoming increasingly important as a hospital-derived infection. This pathogen is difficult to treat owing to its intrinsic multidrug resistance and ability to form antimicrobial-tolerant biofilms. In the present study, we aimed to assess the potential use of zerumbone as a novel anti-biofilm and/or anti-virulence agent against. The results showed that zerumbone at sub-inhibitory doses decreased biofilm formation and disrupted establishedbiofilms. The zerumbone-induced decrease in biofilm formation was dose-dependent based on the results of microtitre plate biofilm assays and confocal laser scanning microscopy. In addition, our data validated the anti-virulence efficacy of zerumbone, wherein it significantly interfered with the motility of. To support these phenotypic results, transcriptional analysis revealed that zerumbone downregulated the expression of biofilm- and virulence-associated genes (,,and) in. Overall, our findings suggested that zerumbone might be a promising bioactive agent for the treatment of biofilm- and virulence-related infections caused by multidrug-resistant.