Anti-biofilm Potential of Kefir-Derived Lactobacillus paracasei L10 against Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
Lett Appl Microbiol. 2021 Sep 29. Epub 2021 Sep 29. PMID: 34586634
Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a kind of biofilm-forming foodborne bacterium, presents formidable challenges to the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents. Increasingly, the safety of chemical antimicrobials has aroused the widespread attention of the public. The development of the novel nature antimicrobial agents has become critical for controlling biofilm-related pollution and infections. In this paper, we investigated the antibacterial activity of Lactobacillus paracasei L10, and evaluated the inhibition and eradication effects of the cell free supernatant (CFS) of the strain on V. parahaemolyticus biofilms in detail. We found that the CFS exhibited marked antibacterial activity against all tested pathogenic bacteria. In co-cultural assay, L. paracasei L10 could notably reduce cell viability in both plankton and biofilm of V. parahaemolyticus and this antagonism effect in biofilm was greater than that in planktonic state. Meanwhile, the growth of V. parahaemolyticus was completely inhibited when 6% (vol/vol) of the CFS was added, and the supernatant also showed a concentration-dependent manner to inhibit and eradicate the biofilms of V. parahaemolyticus while decreased the metabolic activity of the biofilm in the same way. Moreover, the fluorescence microscopic and CLSM images confirmed the anti-biofilm activity of the CFS. This study elucidates that L. paracasei L10 displays a significant anti-biofilm effect on V. parahaemolyticus and the mechanism of its antagonism merits further study, which provides theoretical support for further development and application of L. paracasei L10 as anti-biofilm agents.