Anti-diabetic activity evaluation of a polysaccharide extracted from Gynostemma pentaphyllum.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 Apr 1 ;126:209-214. Epub 2018 Dec 24. PMID: 30590141
In current study, a polysaccharide (GPP) was successfully extracted from Gynostemma pentaphyllum herb. Monosaccharide composition of GPP was rhamnose, arabinose, galactose, glucose, xylose, mannose, galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid in a molar ratio of 4.11: 7.34: 13.31: 20.99: 1.07: 0.91: 4.75: 0.36. Molecular weight and polydispersity (Mw/Mn) of GPP were 4.070 × 10 Da and 1.037, respectively. Primary structure features of GPP were determined to be a polysaccharide by FT-IR and NMR. Fasting blood sugar of diabetic mice decreased from 17.56 mmol/L to 7.42 mmol/L by orally administration of 0.5 mL GPP (1 mg/mL) for 30 days. GPP exhibited a dose-dependent inhibition effect on α-glucosidase activity. Moreover, GPP could inhibit the glucose absorption and affect the protein expression of GLUT2, but not the protein expression of SGLT1. These results indicated GPP could be used as an effective ingredient to prevent and cure diabetes.