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Abstract Title:

Anti-inflammatory and Hepatoprotective Effects of Quercetin in an Experimental Model of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Abstract Source:

Inflammation. 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2. PMID: 34080090

Abstract Author(s):

Ana Carolina de Figueiredo Costa, Luane Macedo de Sousa, Joana Maria Dos Santos Alves, Paula Goes, Karuza Maria Alves Pereira, Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes Alves, Mariana Lima Vale, Delane Viana Gondim

Article Affiliation:

Ana Carolina de Figueiredo Costa

Abstract:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation in the joints. Although methotrexate (MX) is the first-line treatment, side effects are common. This study aimed to investigate the effects of quercetin (QT) and/or MX on inflammation and systemic toxicity in a rat model of RA. Male Wistar rats were divided into control (C), RA, QT, MX, and QT + MX groups (n=6). The RA induction consisted of three intra-articular injections of methylated bovine serum albumin (1×/week) in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). QT (25 mg/kg) and/or MX (0.75 mg) administration occurred by oral gavage daily. We performed mechanical hyperalgesia in TMJ, leukocyte recruitment in synovial fluid, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry (TNF-α, IL-17, and IL-10) in synovial membrane and toxicity parameters. The RA showed a reduction in the nociceptive threshold (p<0.001), increase in leukocyte recruitment in synovial fluid (p<0.001), intense inflammatory infiltrate (p<0.001), and intense immunoexpression of TNF-α, IL-17, and IL-10 in the synovial membrane (p<0.001) compared to C (p<0.001). QT and/or MX therapy reduced inflammatory parameters (p<0.001). However, downregulation of IL-10 was observed only in the groups that received MX (p<0.001). Leukocytosis was seen in RA (p<0.05), but QT and/or MX reversed it (p<0.05). MX was associated with pathological changes in the liver and higher levels of transaminases when compared to the other groups (p<0.05). QT co-administered with MX reversed this hepatotoxicity (p<0.05). There were no alterations in the kidney between the groups (p>0.05). QT has potential to support MX therapy, showing anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects in this model.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Sayer Ji
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