Anti-inflammatory effect of Musa acuminata stem. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Musa acuminata Stem.
Eur J Dent. 2020 Mar ;14(2):294-298. Epub 2020 May 12. PMID: 32396971
Maharani Laillyza Apriasari
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the anti-inflammatory effect ofthrough the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and nuclear factor kappa β (NF-κB) after 3 days of application of(MASE) gel on oral mucosal wound.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental study with post-test only control group design was conducted. Twenty male(Wistar) were injured on their left buccal mucosa and treated three times a day with MASE gel of varying concentrations: 0% (as control), MASE 25%, MASE 37.5%, and MASE 50%. On day 3, a biopsy was performed on each mucosal wound for later immunohistochemical analysis for the expressions of TNF-α and NF-κB.
RESULTS: The highest expression of TNF-α was observed in the control group (13.20 ± 1.79), while the lowest was in the treatment group using 50% MASE (6.40 ± 1.14). Meanwhile the comparison between treatment groups did not highlight any significant difference (>0.05). The highest expression of NF-κB was observed in the control group (13.20 ± 1.30), whereas the lowest was in the treatment group using MASE 50% (6.40 ± 1.14). NF-κB was significantly lower in the treatment group using MASE 50% when compared with other treatment groups (<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Application of MASE on mucosal wound reduces the expression of TNF-α and NF-κB at all concentrations. The anti-inflammatory effect of MASE 50% was the strongest one.