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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Anti-inflammatory property of the ethanol extract of the root and rhizome of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth.

Abstract Source:

ScientificWorldJournal. 2013 ;2013:434151. Epub 2013 Dec 9. PMID: 24385881

Abstract Author(s):

Chu-Wen Li, Xiao-Li Wu, Xiao-Ning Zhao, Zu-Qing Su, Hai-Ming Chen, Xiu-Fen Wang, Xiao-Jun Zhang, Hui-Fang Zeng, Jian-Nan Chen, Yu-Cui Li, Zi-Ren Su

Article Affiliation:

Chu-Wen Li

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory property of the ethanol extract of the root and rhizome of Pogostemon cablin (ERP). The anti-inflammatory effect was evaluated using four animal models including xylene-induced mouse ear edema, acetic acid-induced mouse vascular permeability, carrageenan-induced mouse pleurisy, and carrageenan-induced mouse hind paw edema. Results indicated that oral administration of ERP (120, 240, and 480 mg/kg) significantly attenuated xylene-induced ear edema, decreased acetic acid-induced capillary permeability, inhibited carrageenan-induced neutrophils recruitment, and reduced carrageenan-induced paw edema, in a dose-dependent manner. Histopathologically, ERP (480 mg/kg) abated inflammatoryresponse of the edema paw. Preliminary mechanism studies demonstrated that ERP decreased the level of MPO and MDA, increased the activities of anti-oxidant enzymes (SOD, GPx, and GRd), attenuated the productions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, PGE₂ and NO, and suppressed the activities of COX-2 and iNOS.This work demonstrates that ERP has considerable anti-inflammatory potential, which provided experimental evidences for the traditional application of the root and rhizome of Pogostemon cablin in inflammatory diseases.

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