Anti-inflammatory property of quercetin through downregulation of ICAM-1 and MMP-9 in TNF-α-activated retinal pigment epithelial cells.
Cytokine. 2019 Apr ;116:48-60. Epub 2019 Jan 24. PMID: 30685603
Quercetin is a flavonoid polyphenolic compound present in fruits and vegetables that has proven anti-inflammatory activity. The goal of the present investigation was to investigate the effects of quercetin on tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced inflammatory responses via the expression of ICAM-1 and MMP-9 in human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19 cells). Real-time PCR, gelatin zymography, and Western blot analysis showed that TNF-α induced the expression of ICAM-1 and MMP-9 protein and mRNA in a time-dependentmanner. These effects were attenuated by pretreatment of ARPE-19 cells with quercetin. Quercetin inhibited the TNF-α-induced phosphorylation of PKCδ, JNK1/2, ERK1/2. Quercetin, rottlerin, SP600125 and U0126 attenuated TNF-α-stimulated c-Jun phosphorylation and AP-1-Luc activity. Pretreatment with quercetin, rottlerin, SP600125, or Bay 11-7082 attenuated TNF-α-induced NF-κB (p65) phosphorylation, translocation and RelA/p65-Luc activity. TNF-α significantly increased MMP-9 promoter activity and THP-1 cell adherence, and these effects were attenuated by pretreatment with quercetin, rottlerin, SP600125, U0126, tanshinone IIA or Bay 11-7082. These results suggest that quercetin attenuates TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 and MMP-9 expression in ARPE-19 cells via the MEK1/2-ERK1/2 and PKCδ-JNK1/2-c-Jun or NF-κB pathways.