Anti-influenza triterpenoid saponins (saikosaponins) from the roots of Bupleurum marginatum var. stenophyllum.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017 04 15 ;27(8):1654-1659. Epub 2017 Mar 7. PMID: 28314599
This study to investigate antiviral components from the roots of Bupleurum marginatum var. stenophyllum led to the isolation of five novel saikosaponins, namely 6″-O-crotonyl-saikosaponin a (1), tibesaikosaponin I (2), tibesaikosaponin II (3), tibesaikosaponin III (4), tibesaikosaponin IV (5), along with 9 known analogues (6-14). Their structures were established by spectral data analyses (IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR) and by comparison of spectral data with those of the related known compounds. Antiviral testing of all compounds against influenza A virus A/WSN/33 (H1N1) in 293TGluc cells showed that nepasaikosaponin k (12), saikosaponin n (13) and saikosaponin h (14) behaved more potent inhibitory activity and selectivity than the positive control, Ribavirin. The preliminary structure-activity relationship studies suggest that the 13, 28-epoxy group, the type of sugar chain and the type of olefinic bonds are significant for antiviral activity and selectivity.