Anti-obesity effects of tanshinone I from Salvia miltiorrhiza. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Anti-Obesity Effects of Tanshinone I fromBunge in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet through Inhibition of Early Adipogenesis.
Nutrients. 2020 Apr 27 ;12(5). Epub 2020 Apr 27. PMID: 32349456
Dae Young Jung
Tanshinone I (Tan I) is a diterpenoid isolated fromBunge and exhibits antitumor effects in several cancers. However, the anti-obesity properties of Tan I remain unexplored. Here, we evaluated the anti-obesity effects of Tan I in high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obese mice and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms in 3T3-L1 cells. HFD-induced obese mice were orally administrated Tan I for eight weeks, and body weight, weight gain, hematoxylin and eosin staining and serum biological parameters were examined. The adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was assessed using Oil Red O staining and measurement of intracellular triglyceride (TG) levels, and mitotic clonal expansion (MCE) and its related signal molecules were analyzed during early adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells. The administration of Tan I significantly reduced body weight, weight gain, and white adipocyte size, and improved obesity-induced serum levels of glucose, free fatty acid, total TG, and total cholesterol in vivo in HFD-induced obese mice. Furthermore, Tan I-administered mice demonstrated improvement of glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Treatment with Tan I inhibited the adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in vitro, with this inhibition mainly occurring at an early phase of adipogenesis through the attenuation of MCE via cell cycle arrest at the G1/S phase transition. Tan I inhibited the phosphorylation of p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and Akt during the process of MCE, while it stimulated the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase. Furthermore, Tan I repressed the expression of CCAAT-enhancer-binding proteinβ (), histone H3K9 demethylase, and subsequently cell cycle genes. Moreover, Tan I regulated the expression of early adipogenic transcription factors including GATAs and Kruppel-like factor family factors. These results indicate that Tan I prevents HFD-induced obesity via the inhibition of early adipogenesis, and thus improves glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. This suggests that Tan I possesses therapeutic potential for the treatment of obesity and obesity-related diseases.