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Abstract Title:

Anticancer Effects of Herbal Medicine Compounds and Novel Formulations: a Literature Review.

Abstract Source:

J Gastrointest Cancer. 2020 Mar 5. Epub 2020 Mar 5. PMID: 32140897

Abstract Author(s):

Manal Khalid Abdulridha, Ali H Al-Marzoqi, Ghaidaa Raheem Lateef Al-Awsi, Shaden M H Mubarak, Maryam Heidarifard, Abdolmajid Ghasemian

Article Affiliation:

Manal Khalid Abdulridha

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Many agents disrupt the cell cycle and its signaling circuits leading to cancer progress. Cancer therapy is performed by surgery, radiation, and chemical drugs remaining some side effects.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anticancer traits of herbal medicines.

METHODS: We collected previously published data in searching engines (Web of Science, PubMed, Medline, and SCOPUS) by searching key words"herbal medicine,""anticancer effect,""compounds,"and"fractions."

RESULTS: Herbal medicines have unraveled anticancer effects mostly through cancer cells apoptosis via blocking NF-κB pathway by curcumin and terpenoides; CD95 signaling and enhancement of CD95L expression by resveratrol; and inhibiting tyrosine kinas, angiogenesis, and cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase by β-lapachone-genistein and cytochrome-c release into the cytosol and caspase-9 activation by biocalein and quercetin. Additionally, impeding cell cycle in the G1 phase in ovarian cancer cells by 7-hydroxystaurosporine, immune cells enrichment (neutrophils and NK cells activation by Viscum album L., T cells and NK cells activation and cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor release by Ganoderma lucidum andmicroRNAs regulation (by Sinomeniumacutum, shikonin, Oleaeuropaea, curcumin and ginseng). These effects have implications for proper cancer cells elimination. It has been revealed that cytotoxic effects of herbal compounds (mostly those secondary metabolites) have exerted anticancer properties against several cancer cell lines. In addition, targeting microRNAs, nanoparticle-assisted herbal synergism, and novel drug delivery systems and combination chemotherapies have also emerged exerting higher efficacies for specific cell targeting as novel cancer therapy approaches.

CONCLUSION: Considering side effects, toxicity, and higher costs of common cancer therapy approaches, application of novel herbal medicine-based therapies will confer promising insights for health outcomes.

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Sayer Ji
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