Antiobesity effect of ginsenoside Rg3 involves the AMPK and PPAR-gamma signal pathways. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antiobesity effect of ginsenoside Rg3 involves the AMPK and PPAR-gamma signal pathways.
Phytother Res. 2009 Feb ;23(2):262-6. PMID: 18844326
Ginsenosides, the active component of ginseng, exerts antidiabetic and anticancer effects. This study investigated the molecular basis of ginsenoside Rg3, a red ginseng rich constituent, focusing on its ability to inhibit adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells. The data show that ginsenoside Rg3 was effective in the inhibition of adipocyte differentiation. This inhibitory effect of ginsenoside Rg3 on adipocyte differentiation was accompanied by PPAR-gamma inhibition in rosiglitazone-treated cells. The study also tested whether AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation was involved in the inhibitory effects of ginsenoside Rg3. AMPK plays a role in maintaining health in the context of diseases such as type 2 diabetes, obesity and cancer. AMPK was reported to control nutritional and hormonal signal modulating. Rg3 significantly and time-dependently activated AMPK. Taken together, these results suggest that the antiobesity effect of red ginseng rich constituent, ginsenoside Rg3, involves the AMPK signaling pathway and PPAR-gamma inhibition.