Toluene diisocyanate exposure induces laryngo-tracheal eosinophilia, which can be ameliorated by supplementation with antioxidant vitamins in guinea pigs.
Acta Otolaryngol. 2003 Oct;123(8):965-71. PMID: 14606601
Department of Anatomy, Kagawa Medical University, Kagawa, Japan.
OBJECTIVE: Toluene diisocyanate (TDI)-induced asthma is a common cause of occupational lung disease. In addition, a sore throat is one of the complaints of TDI-exposed workers. The aim of the present study was to determine whether TDI exposure induces laryngeal and/or tracheal lesions in experimental animals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Guinea pigs underwent naris application of TDI three times, and their respiratory tracts were then examined using light and electron microscopy. Some animals simultaneously received vitamins C and E. which function as antioxidant agents. RESULTS: When TDI-treated animals showed the clinical sign of labored breathing, many eosinophils had appeared in the lamina propria and mucosa of both the larynx and trachea, which finally infiltrated the tract lumen through the ruptured epithelium. Laryngo-tracheal inflammation was more severe than that observed in the lungs. However, supplementation with antioxidant vitamins in TDI-treated animals ameliorated the respiratory eosinophilia. CONCLUSION: Naris application of TDI induced laryngotracheitis. which was significantly suppressed by the antioxidant vitamins, This implies a preventive effect of the vitamins on this occupational disease.