Antiproliferative activity and apoptosis induction of Eucalyptus Citriodora resin and its major bioactive compound in melanoma B16F10 cells.
J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Aug 15 ;60(32):7866-72. Epub 2012 Aug 6. PMID: 22838509
Antiproliferative activity and apoptosis induction of ethyl acetate of Eucalyptus citriodora resin (EAEER), and its major bioactive compound in melanoma B16F10 cells were investigated. 6-[1-(p-Hydroxy-phenyl)ethyl]-7-O-methyl aromadendrin (HEMA), a flavanol derivative, was isolated from EAEER and identified on the basis of its mass and NMR spectra. The results from MTT assay showed high antiproliferative effects of EAEER and HEMA on B16F10 cells. Moreover, EAEER- and HEMA-induced cell apoptosis was association with the decrease in the mitochondrial transmembrane potentials (Δψ(m)), increase in Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and activation of caspase-3. Cells treated with EAEER and HEMA generated intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO), indicating that ROS and RNS play important roles in the induction of apoptosis in B16F10 cells. Taken together, EAEER andits major bioactive compound, HEMA, inhibited the proliferation of B16F10 cells via apoptosis and may be a potential antimelanoma agent.