Antiproliferative and anti-apoptotic effect of astaxanthin in an oxygen-induced retinopathy mouse model.
Can J Ophthalmol. 2019 Feb ;54(1):65-74. Epub 2018 Apr 11. PMID: 30851776
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of intravitreal (IV) and intraperitoneal (IP) astaxanthin (AST) injections on neovascular development (ND), retinal morphology, and apoptotic activity in a C57BL/6J mouse model with hyperoxia-induced retinopathy (HIR).
DESIGN: C57BL/6J mouse model.
METHODS: Two negative control groups (n = 6 each; one of which received IV sterile dimethyl sulfoxide [DMSO]) of C57BL/6J-type mice were exposed to room air. The HIR groups included 36 C57BL/6J-type mice exposed to 75%± 2% oxygen from postnatal day (PD) 7 to PD 12. On PD 12, these mice were randomized into 6 groups (n = 6 each): 2 HIR control groups (one of which received IV-DMSO), 2 IV-AST groups (10 and 100 µg/mL), and 2 IP-AST groups (0.5 and 5 mg/kg). We measured ND by counting neovascular tufts in cross sections and examined histological, ultrastructural changes via light and electron microscopy. Apoptosis was detected using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end-labeling.
RESULTS: No ND was detected in the negative control groups. ND levels were not significantly different between high- and low-dose AST for either means of administration. However, ND levels were significantly lower in the AST groups, regardless of delivery, compared to the control groups. The means of delivery (IP versus IV) also yielded significant differences in ND. The incidence of mitochondrial dysmorphology and apoptosis were lower in groups receiving AST.
CONCLUSIONS: AST seems to suppress ND and has anti-apoptotic activity in the HIR mouse model.