Antiprotozoal activity of Turkish Origanum onites essential oil and its components. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antiprotozoal Activity of TurkishEssential Oil and Its Components.
Molecules. 2019 Dec 3 ;24(23). Epub 2019 Dec 3. PMID: 31817023
Essential oil ofspecies is well known for antimicrobial activity, but only a few have been evaluated in narrow spectrum antiprotozoal assays. Herein, we assessed the antiprotozoal potential of TurkishL. oil and its major constituents against a panel of parasitic protozoa. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation from the dried herbal parts ofand analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID) and Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The in vitro activity of the oil and its major components were evaluated against,,, and. The main component of the oil was identified as carvacrol (70.6%), followed by linalool (9.7%),-cymene (7%),γ-terpinene (2.1%), and thymol (1.8%). The oil showed significant in vitro activity against(IC180 ng/mL), and moderate antileishmanial and antiplasmodial effects, without toxicity to mammalian cells. Carvacrol, thymol, and 10 additional abundant oil constituents were tested against the same panel; carvacrol and thymol retained the oil's in vitro antiparasitic potency. In themouse model, thymol, but not carvacrol, extended the mean survival of animals. This study indicates the potential of the essential oil ofand its constituents in the treatment of protozoal infections.