Antitumor Activity of Rosmarinic Acid-Loaded Silk Fibroin Nanoparticles on HeLa and MCF-7 Cells.
Polymers (Basel). 2021 Sep 18 ;13(18). Epub 2021 Sep 18. PMID: 34578069
Marta G Fuster
Rosmarinic acid (RA), one of the most important polyphenol-based antioxidants, has drawn increasing attention because of its remarkable bioactive properties, including anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antibacterial activities. The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize RA-loaded silk fibroin nanoparticles (RA-SFNs) in terms of their physical-chemical features and composition, and to investigate their antitumor activity against human cervical carcinoma and breast cancer cell lines (HeLa and MCF-7). Compared with the free form, RA bioavailability was enhanced when the drug was adsorbed onto the surface of the silk fibroin nanoparticles (SFNs). The resulting particle diameter was 255 nm, with a polydispersity index of 0.187, and the Z-potential was -17 mV. The drug loading content of the RA-SFNs was 9.4 wt.%. Evaluation of the in vitro drug release of RA from RA-SFNs pointed to a rapid release in physiological conditions (50% of the total drug content was released in 0.5 h). Unloaded SFNs exhibited good biocompatibility, with no significant cytotoxicity observed during the first 48 h against HeLa and MCF-7 cancer cells. In contrast, cell death increased in a concentration-dependent manner after treatment with RA-SFNs, reaching an ICvalue of 1.568 and 1.377 mg/mL on HeLa and MCF-7, respectively. For both cell lines, the ICof free RA was higher. The cellular uptake of the nanoparticles studied was increased when RA was loaded on them. The cell cycle and apoptosis studies revealed that RA-SFNs inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis on HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines. It is concluded, therefore, that the RA delivery platform based on SFNs improves the antitumor potential of RA in the case of the above cancers.