Antiviral effects of Brazilian green and red propolis extracts on Enterovirus surrogates. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antiviral effects of Brazilian green and red propolis extracts on Enterovirus surrogates.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Dec 30. Epub 2019 Dec 30. PMID: 31889278
Norma Patricia Silva-Beltrán
Propolis is a natural product of bees with biological activities that are mainly associated with bee type and geographic origin. Propolis extract has been proposed with several applications in environmental health. The ethanol extracts have shown good antimicrobial activity. The association of this technique with ultrasound-assisted extraction has been studied to improve the characteristics of the obtained extracts. Thus, the objective of this work is to verify the antiviral action against two strains of bacteriophages of two extracts of Brazilian propolis (green and red) obtained by conventional extraction and ultrasonic extraction. The activities of the propolis red and green extracts were confirmed by the significant ~3 and ~4.5 Log 10 PFU/mL reduction in the concentrations of the MS2 and Av-08 bacteriophages, respectively. It was found that ultrasound-assisted extraction is comparable to the maceration process and demonstrated the best antiviral activities. Brazilian red propolis was more effective than green propolis in viral reduction in all treatments.