Apigenin ameliorates HFD-induced NAFLD through regulation of the XO/NLRP3 pathways. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Apigenin ameliorates HFD-induced NAFLD through regulation of the XO/NLRP3 pathways.
J Nutr Biochem. 2019 Jun 14 ;71:110-121. Epub 2019 Jun 14. PMID: 31325892
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality disease in the world. However, no effective pharmacological treatment for NAFLD has been found. In this study, we used a high fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD model to investigate hepatoprotective effect of apigenin (API) against NAFLD and further explored its potential mechanism. Our results demonstrated that gavage administration of API could mitigate HFD-induced liver injury, enhance insulin sensitivity and markedly reduce lipid accumulation in HFD-fed mice livers. In addition, histological analysis showed that hepatic steatosis and macrophages recruitment in the API treatment group were recovered compared with mice fed with HFD alone. Importantly, API could reverse the HFD-induced activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, further reduced inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 release, accompanied with the inhibition of xanthine oxidase (XO) activity and the reduction of uric acid and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. The pharmacological role of API was further confirmed using free fatty acid (FFA) induced cell NAFLD model. Taking together, our results demonstrated that API could protect against HFD-induced NAFLD by ameliorating hepatic lipid accumulation and inflammation. These protective effects may be partially attributed to the regulation of XO by API, which further modulated NLRP3 inflammasome activation and inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 release. Therefore API is a potential therapeutic agent for the prevention of NAFLD.