Artesunate promotes G2/M cell cycle arrest in MCF7 breast cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Artesunate promotes G2/M cell cycle arrest in MCF7 breast cancer cells through ATM activation.
Breast Cancer. 2018 May 24. Epub 2018 May 24. PMID: 29797234
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed that artesunate (ART) has clear anti-tumor activity, suggesting that it could be a good candidate chemotherapeutic agent. In this study, we researched the inhibitory effect of ART on MCF7 cells and explored the possible mechanisms.
METHODS: MTT assay was used to detect the effect of ART on the proliferation of MCF7 cells. Crystal violet staining was used to observe morphological and quantitative changes. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle of the drug-acting MCF7 cells. In addition, western blotting was used to detect the drug influence on expression of the ATM, phospho-ATM(S1981), H2AX,γH2AX(S139), CHK2 and phospho-CHK2(T68), cdc25C, and phospho-cdc25C(S216).
RESULTS: In the experimental groups, the proliferation of MCF7 cells was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner and the original cell morphology was lost. The number of G2/M phase cells in the experimental groups increased significantly, and the expression of DNA damage response-associated proteins was significantly increased, such as phospho-ATM(S1981),γH2AX(S139), phospho-CHK2(T68), and phospho-cdc25C(S216).
CONCLUSIONS: ART can inhibit cell proliferation and promote G2/M arrest in MCF7 cells through ATM activation and the ensuing"ATM-Chk2-Cdc25C"pathway, thus implicating ART as a novel candidate for breast cancer chemotherapy.