Ascorbic acid mitigates the deleterious effects of nicotine on tendon stem cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ascorbic acid mitigates the deleterious effects of nicotine on tendon stem cells.
Connect Tissue Res. 2019 Sep 5:1-11. Epub 2019 Sep 5. PMID: 31488012
: Nicotine causes tendon degeneration, whereas ascorbic acid imparts beneficial effects on tendon cells. Tendon stem cells (TSCs) play a vital role in maintaining tissue integrity and promoting restoration of structure and function after tendon injury. In the present study, cell culture experiments were performed to determine the effects of nicotine on TSCs and whether ascorbic acid supplementation could antagonize the action of high concentration nicotine.: After treatment with nicotine and ascorbic acid, TSC proliferation, migration, stemness, apoptosis, and differentiation were analyzed.: TSC proliferation and expression of stem cell markers were significantly impaired by a high concentration of nicotine (1000 ng/mL), but a lower concentration (100 ng/mL) induced proliferative effects in TSCs. Moreover, the highest concentration of nicotine tested (1000 ng/mL) significantly inhibited the migratory ability of TSCs, while relatively high concentrations (100 and 1000 ng/mL) significantly (<0.05) up-regulated non-tenocyte genes. When ascorbic acid was added, the inhibitory effects of nicotine on the proliferation, migration, and stemness of TSCs were reversed. In addition, flow cytometry analysis showed that these nicotine concentrations could induce cell apoptosis, while the addition of ascorbic acid inhibited apoptosis.: Addition of ascorbic acid partially reversed the inhibitory effect of a high concentration of nicotine. These findings indicate that while nicotine impairs the biological characteristics of TSCs, ascorbic acid can mitigate these deleterious effects and, therefore, may be useful for decreasing nicotine-induced tendon degeneration.