Ascorbic acid synergistically potentiates phloxine b-induced photocytotoxicity in human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2014 Apr ;28(4):167-73. Epub 2014 Jan 31. PMID: 24488945
Ascorbic acid (AsA) is known as an antioxidant but concomitantly possesses a pro-oxidant property. Because the impact of AsA on photodynamic therapy response is unclear, we investigated the effect of AsA on photocytotoxicity induced by phloxine B in human acute promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. AsA synergistically enhanced phloxine B-induced photocytotoxic effects, including inhibition of cell proliferation, DNA ladder formation, and caspase-3 activation, whereas AsA itself showed no photocytotoxicity. AsA also enhanced the consumption of the reduced glutathione level compared with the cells treated with phloxine B alone under the light condition. Combination of AsA with phloxine B under the light condition enhanced the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). These effects were completely cancelled by catalase. These results suggest that AsA synergistically enhances phloxine B-induced photocytotoxicity, possibly through the extracellular oxidative stress-dependent MAPK pathway activation.