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Abstract Title:

Assessing the Protective Effect ofExtract against Bone Metastasis: An In Vitro Simulated Digestion Approach.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Cancer. 2021 Jun 25:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 25. PMID: 34170200

Abstract Author(s):

Kinjal P Bhadresha, Nayan K Jain, Rakesh M Rawal

Article Affiliation:

Kinjal P Bhadresha

Abstract:

possesses numerous advantageous effects like anti-microbial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory, leaves contain a high multiplicity of the bioactive compound; however, little is identified about its bioaccessibility. The objective of this study was to assess the bioefficacy, bioaccessible and anticancer activity ofin a PC3 cell line before and after simulated in vitro digestion. Digested and non-digested extracts were prepared and evaluated for total polyphenols, flavonoids, and total antioxidant capacity by spectrophotometric analysis and LCMS analysis. Cell viability, apoptosis, colony formation, cell cycle, Glutathione level, and gene expression study were tested with(MO) and digested(DMO). Results revealed that total polyphenols, total flavonoids, and TAC were significantly ( < 0.05) reduced after in vitro digestion. Furthermore, biological activity against the PC3 cell line showed that DMO extracts significant cytotoxic and reduced cell vitality compared to the MO. In addition, DMO extract had a noteworthy effect in apoptosis and inhibiting the colony formation ability; while cell cycle was blocked in S phase by both extracts but significant effect showed in DMO. These studies have increased understanding of the influence of in vitro simulation digestion on the biological activity effect ofagainst prostate cancer bone metastasis.Supplemental data for this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2021.1933099 .

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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