Association between serum vitamin D and chronic rhinosinusitis: a meta-analysis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Association between serum vitamin D and chronic rhinosinusitis: a meta-analysis.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 Oct 3. Epub 2019 Oct 3. PMID: 31653607
INTRODUCTION: Chronic rhinosinusitis is a highly heterogeneous chronic inflammation of the upper respiratory tract caused by immune dysfunction in human beings. However, the underlying etiology of this disease has not yet been well established. Several trials have revealed that serum vitamin D level abnormality might play a role in the pathophysiology of chronic rhinosinusitis.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study was to perform a meta-analysis of studies to compare the serum vitamin D levels between patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and healthy controls and to evaluate the potential associations of serum vitamin D level with the occurrence of chronic rhinosinusitis.
METHODS: Following the PRISMA guidelines, relevant databases incorporating Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to December 1, 2018. Funnel plot symmetry and Egger' test were used to detect publication biases. The outcomes were presented as Weighted Mean Difference combined with 95% Confidence Intervals to estimate the difference of serum vitamin D levels between patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and controls. Higgins Ivalue was used to test for heterogeneity between the included studies.
RESULTS: Out of 176 studies, only eight studies involving 337 chronic rhinosinusitis patients and 179 healthy controls met the criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. In a pooled analysis of the studies, chronic rhinosinusitis patients showed decreased serum vitamin D status (WMD = -7.80, 95% CI -13.28 to -2.31, p = 0.000). Subgroups analyses based on study location (USA vs. Non-USA), types of biomarkers (25(OH)D3 vs. 25(OH)D) and the study design methods (retrospective vs. prospective) did not reveal heterogeneity. However, phenotypes of chronic rhinosinusitis, with versus without polyposis might account for some degree of heterogeneity. Meanwhile, a lower serum vitamin D level was observed in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps patients.
CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that serum vitamin D level might be associated with patients with chronic rhinosinusitis as we detected a significant association between lower serum vitamin D status and chronic rhinosinusitis, especially in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps patients. However, further comprehensive studies are warranted in order to draw firm conclusions.