Astaxanthin alleviates renal damage of rats on high fructose diet. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Astaxanthin alleviates renal damage of rats on high fructose diet through modulating NFκB/SIRT1 pathway and mitigating oxidative stress.
Arch Physiol Biochem. 2018 Aug 6:1-5. Epub 2018 Aug 6. PMID: 30081678
This study was conducted to determine the effect of astaxanthin (ASX) treatment on alleviation of renal damage in high fructose induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial fashion: administrations of fructose (30%, via drinking water) and ASX (1 mg/kg/day, within 0.2 ml olive oil) for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA. The ASX treatment decreased serum urea (p < .01) and blood urea-N concentrations (p < .02) at a lower extent in rats receiving fructose than those not receiving fructose. Moreover, the ASX treatment reversed the increases in malondialdehyde (MDA) (p < .0001) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) (p < .0003) levels and the decreases in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (p < .0001) and sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) level (p < .0004), in the kidney upon high fructose consumption. The data suggest that ASX supplementation alleviates renal damage induced by high fructose consumption through modulating NF-κB/SIRT1 pathway and mitigating oxidative stress.