Astaxanthin increases radiosensitivity in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Astaxanthin increases radiosensitivity in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma through inducing apoptosis and G2/M arrest.
Dis Esophagus. 2017 Jun 1 ;30(6):1-7. PMID: 28475750
Nowadays esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is primarily treated by a comprehensive approach combining surgical resection and neoadjuvant chemo- or radiotherapy. However, ESCC is resistant to radiation therapy, resulting in its invasion, infiltration, and metastasis. It usually has rapidly progressed and has a poor outcome clinically. The purpose of this study is to determine the potential radiosensitizing effect of astaxanthin (ATX) and explore the underlying mechanisms in ESCC cells in vitro. ESCC cell lines were exposure to irradiation, in the presence or absence of ATX treatment. Cell viability and radiosensitization were tested by CCK8 assay and clonogenic survival assay, respectively. Cell apoptosis and the changes of cell cycle distribution were observed by flow cytometry. The protein expression of Bcl2, Bax, CyclinB1, and Cdc2 was examined by western blot analysis. It was shown that ATX improved radiosensitivity of ESCC cells and induced apoptosis and G2/M arrest via inhibiting Bcl2, CyclinB1, Cdc2, and promoting Bax expression. In conclusion, ATX might function as a promising radiosensitizer in ESCC cells by leading to apoptosis and G2/M arrest.