n/a
Abstract Title:

Astaxanthin inhibits microglia M1 activation against inflammatory injury triggered by lipopolysaccharide through down-regulating miR-31-5p.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2020 Dec 22:118943. Epub 2020 Dec 22. PMID: 33359248

Abstract Author(s):

Xin Zhou, Junyu Zhang, Yuxin Li, Liao Cui, Kefeng Wu, Hui Luo

Article Affiliation:

Xin Zhou

Abstract:

AIMS: Astaxanthin is a natural carotenoid, can readily cross the blood-brain barrier and exerts a powerful neuroprotective effect. In this study, experiments were performed to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms of which Astaxanthin inhibiting the microglia M1 activation.

MAIN METHODS: BV2 cells and mice were pre-treated with Astaxanthin and treated by Lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The expressions of M1-related factors (pro-inflammatory cytokines and M1 markers) were measured by RT-qPCR and western blot. The target association between miR-31-5p and Numb was explored via luciferase activity assay. MiR-31-5p mimic was transfected into BV2 cells, then the cells were treated with Astaxanthin in combination with LPS. The expression of M1-related factors and Notch pathway-related molecules were measured via RT-qPCR, western blot and immunofluorescence assay.

KEY FINDINGS: Precondition of BV2 cells with Astaxanthin inhibited the expression of M1-related factors triggered by LPS. In addition, Astaxanthin decreased the number of Iba1-positive microglia and downregulated the levels of M1-related factors in hippocampus in LPS-treated mice. Further investigation revealed that Astaxanthin-mediated suppression of M1-related factors levels was reversed by miR-31-5p mimic in BV2 cells stimulated by LPS. Subsequently, we verified that miR-31-5p repressed Numb expression by binding to the 3'-UTR of Numb mRNA. Also, Astaxanthin suppressed the expression of Notch1, Hes1 and Hes5 and improved the expression of Numb in BV2 cells challenged by LPS, but this alteration can be reversed by miR-31-5p mimic.

SIGNIFICANCE: Our study demonstrated that down-regulating miR-31-5p by Astaxanthin could be a potential therapeutic approach to suppress neuroinflammation via regulating microglia M1 activation.

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.