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Abstract Title:

Astilbin alleviates LPS-induced ARDS by suppressing MAPK signaling pathway and protecting pulmonary endothelial glycocalyx.

Abstract Source:

Int Immunopharmacol. 2016 Jul ;36:51-58. Epub 2016 Apr 22. PMID: 27111514

Abstract Author(s):

Guiqing Kong, Xiao Huang, Lipeng Wang, Yan Li, Ting Sun, Shasha Han, Weiwei Zhu, Mingming Ma, Haixiao Xu, Jiankui Li, Xiaohua Zhang, Xiangyong Liu, Xiaozhi Wang

Article Affiliation:

Guiqing Kong

Abstract:

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a devastating disorder that is characterized by increased vascular endothelial permeability and inflammation. Unfortunately, no effective treatment beyond supportive care is available for ARDS. Astilbin, a flavonoid compound isolated from Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae, has been used for anti-hepatic, anti-arthritic, and anti-renal injury treatments. This study examined the effects of Astilbin on pulmonary inflammatory activation and endothelial cell barrier dysfunction caused by Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Endothelial cells from human umbilical veins or male Kunming mice were pretreated with Astilbin 24h before LPS stimulation. Results showed that Astilbin significantly attenuated the pulmonary histopathological changes and neutrophil infiltration 6h after the LPS challenge. Astilbin suppressed the activities of myeloperoxidase and malondialdehyde, as well as the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in vivo and in vitro. As indices of pulmonary edema, lung wet-to-dry weight ratios, were markedly decreased by Astilbin pretreatment. Western blot analysis also showed that Astilbin inhibited LPS-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in lung tissues. Furthermore, Astilbin significantly inhibited the activity of heparanase and reduced the production of heparan sulfate in the blood serum as determined by ELISA. These findings indicated that Astilbin can alleviate LPS-induced ARDS, which potentially contributed to the suppression of MAPK pathway activation and the degradation of endothelial glycocalyx.

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