Astilbin protects chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes from cadmium-induced necroptosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Astilbin protects chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes from cadmium-induced necroptosis via oxidative stress and the PI3K/Akt pathway.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020 Mar 1 ;190:110064. Epub 2019 Dec 26. PMID: 31838230
Astilbin (ASB), a dihydroflavonol glycoside, is widely found in a variety of plants and in functional foods and acts as a powerful antioxidant. The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanisms involved in the antagonistic effects of ASB on cadmium (Cd)-induced necroptosis in chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were aseptically collected from Roman white hens and then randomly divided into five groups: the control group was incubated without additional reagents, while the other groups were incubated with Cd, ASB, a combination of Cd and ASB, and 0.1% DMSO. After a 24 h treatment, cell samples were collected. The results showed that some morphological changes consistent with necroptosis were observed in the Cd-treated groups, suggesting the occurrence of necroptosis. Simultaneously, antioxidant activity markers (CAT, SOD, GSH, GSH-px, and T-AOC) decreased and indicators of oxidative stress (MDA, iNOS, NO, HO,·OH and ROS) increased. The production of ROS induced the activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, as the expression levels of PI3K, Akt and PDK1 were significantly elevated. Additionally, the expression levels of RIPK3, RIPK1, MLKL, TAK1, TAB2 and TAB3 were increased and that of Caspase-8 wasdecreased, which could cause the necroptosis. However, the most important our results was that ASB supplements remarkably attenuated the Cd-induced effects. We conclude that the Cd treatment promoted an imbalance of the antioxidant status and activated the PI3K/Akt pathway, leading to necroptosis in chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes, and that ASB was able to partially ameliorate the effect of Cd-induced necroptosis.