The gastric mucosal protective effects of astragaloside IV in mnng-induced GPL rats.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Aug ;104:291-299. Epub 2018 May 25. PMID: 29775897
Gastric Cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. And the occurrence of gastric carcinoma is an evolutionary histopathological stage. As a result, further research of GPL, which is a borderline of gastric cancer, is indispensable for preventing the formation and development of gastric carcinoma. Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between the expression of autophagy, apoptosis and Gastric cancer (GC). However, the effects of autophagy and apoptosis on human gastric cancer progression, particularly on gastric precancerous lesions (GPL), have not totally been investigated. At present, Astragaloside IV(AS-IV) is a saponin purified from Astragalus membranaceous Bge, a traditional Chinese herb that has been widely used for more than 2000 y in the treatment of cancer, cardiovascular and immune disorders. This study was designed to investigate the mechanism of AS-IV protecting gastric mucosa in N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced GPL rats. The lesions of GIM and GED were significantly ameliorated compared with the model rats, especially crowded tubular glandular and back-to-back tubular structure, which were the dangerous borderline between GPL and GC. Western Blot analysis showed that the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and the protein expression of Bcl-XL, p53, Beclin1, p62, ATG5 and ATG12 were decreased and the level of Caspase3 was increased in the group of AS-IV compared with the model group; RT-PCR analysis showed that the gene expression Ambra1, Beclin1, ATG5, LC3 and p62 were decreased in the group of AS-IV compared with the model group. This research manifested that the occurrence of gastric cancer was preceded by a prolonged precancerous stage, which could be ameliorated by the AS-IV. Meanwhile, the mild and moderate stage of precancerous lesions is similar with gastric adenocarcinoma in critical biological processes, including inflammation, cell proliferation, differentiation. But this lesion is very different from cancer, because it does not appear obvious invasion and malignant lesions in this pathologic stag. Further, AS-IV could regulate p53 expression to activate the Ambra1/Beclin1 complex in GPL, and it will protect the gastric mucosal injury, prevent and cure gastric mucosal atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and atypical hyperplastic lesions. It provided a potential therapeutic strategy in reversing intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia of gastric precancerous lesions and protecting the gastric mucosa in GPL rats.