Astragaloside IV alleviates the myocardial damage induced by lipopolysaccharide. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Astragaloside IV Alleviates the Myocardial Damage Induced by Lipopolysaccharide via the Toll-Like Receptor 4 (TLR4)/Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB)/Proliferator-Activated Receptor α (PPARα) Signaling Pathway.
Med Sci Monit. 2019 Sep 23 ;25:7158-7168. Epub 2019 Sep 23. PMID: 31545785
BACKGROUND We previously reported that astragaloside IV (As-IV) can alleviate myocardial damage induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). However, the anti-inflammatory effects of As-IV following LPS stimulation in mice and H9C2 cardiomyocytes remain unclear. The present study was designed to explore the mechanism of action of As-IV. MATERIAL AND METHODS In vivo, C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into 5 groups: the control group, the LPS group (10 mg/kg), and 3 LPS groups receiving different doses of As-IV (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg). The protective effect of As-IV on LPS-stimulated H9C2 cardiomyocytes was evaluated in vitro. Cardiac function was detected by echocardiography, and H&E staining was used to evaluate morphologic changes. Cardiomyocyte viability was detected by MTT assay. ELISA was used to detect free fatty acid (FFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) levels in mouse serum and in cell supernatant. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine monophosphate (AMP) contents in myocardial tissues and cells were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography. ATP5D and TLR4/NF-kappaB/PPARalphasignaling pathway proteins (TLR4, NF-kappaB, p65, and PPARalpha) were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS As-IV significantly improved cardiac function, myocardial cell viability, and pathological changes and reduced FFA, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-alpha levels. The ATP/AMP ratio in the cardiac tissues of mice and in H9C2 cardiomyocytes was increased compared to that in the LPS group. In addition, As-IV enhanced ATP synthase and PPARalpha protein expression. In H9C2 cardiomyocytes, the p65-specific inhibitor BAY11-7082 exerted similar effects as As-IV. CONCLUSIONS As-IV alleviates LPS-induced myocardial damage by modulating TLR4/NF-kappaB/PPARalpha signaling-mediated energy biosynthesis.