Astragaloside IV attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Astragaloside IV Attenuates Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury from Oxidative Stress by Regulating Succinate, Lysophospholipid Metabolism, and ROS Scavenging System.
Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2019 ;2019:9137654. Epub 2019 Jun 24. PMID: 31341538
Astragaloside IV is one of the main active ingredients isolated from. Here we confirmed its protective effect against cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and aimed to investigate the potential molecular mechanisms involved. Pretreatment ofandI/R-induced rat models by astragaloside IV significantly prevented the ratio of myocardium infarct size, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and the production of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase. Metabolic analyses showed that I/R injury caused a notable reduction of succinate and elevation of lysophospholipids, indicating excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation driven by succinate's rapid reoxidization and glycerophospholipid degradation. Molecular validation mechanistically revealed that astragaloside IV stimulated nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) released from Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) and translocated to the nucleus to combine with musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma (Maf) to initiate the transcription of antioxidative gene heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which performed a wide range of ROS scavenging processes against pathological oxidative stress in the hearts. As expected, increasing succinate and decreasing lysophospholipid levels were observed in the astragaloside IV-pretreated group compared with the I/R model group. These results suggested that astragaloside IV ameliorated myocardial I/R injury by modulating succinate and lysophospholipid metabolism and scavenging ROS via the Nrf2 signal pathway.