Astragaloside IV may be a promising agent for the treatment of uremia toxin-induced injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effect of astragaloside IV on indoxyl sulfate-induced kidney injury in mice via attenuation of oxidative stress.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2018 Sep 3 ;19(1):53. Epub 2018 Sep 3. PMID: 30176914
BACKGROUND: Astragalus membranaceus, a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been widely used in the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in China. Astragaloside IV is one of the major compounds of Astragalus membranaceus. Recent research has shown that astragaloside IV demonstrates pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and anti-oxidative stress activities. Our aim was to investigate the effects of astragaloside IV on indoxyl sulfate (IS)-induced kidney injury in vivo, and to study the underlying mechanism.
METHODS: Forty C57BL/6 mice with½ nephrectomy were divided into four groups: control group (n = 10), IS group (n = 10), IS plus 10 mg/kg of astragaloside IV group (n = 10) and IS plus 20 mg/kg of astragaloside IV group (n = 10). IS intraperitoneal injection and astragaloside IV treatment were administered continuously for 1 month. Next, the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level, serum IS level, tubulointerstitial injury, renal oxidative stress and inflammatory injury were assessed.
RESULTS: The IS intraperitoneal injection mouse group showed increasing levels of serum IS, BUN, tubulointerstitial injury, renal oxidative stress and inflammatory injury. Astragaloside IV treatment couldn't reduce the serum IS level or renal nuclear factor-κB and interleukin-1β levels. However, 20 mg/kg astragaloside IV treatment reduced the BUN level and significantly attenuated IS-induced tubulointerstitial injury. Renal oxidative stress was decreased by the administration of astragaloside IV.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that astragaloside IV prevents IS-induced tubulointerstitial injury by ameliorating oxidative stress and may be a promising agent for the treatment of uremia toxin-induced injury.