Astragaloside-IV protects H9C2(2-1) cardiomyocytes from high glucose-induced injury via miR-34a-mediated autophagy pathway.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019 Dec ;47(1):4172-4181. PMID: 31713440
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an important cardiac disorder in patients with diabetes. High glucose (HG) levels lead to inflammation of cardiomyocytes, oxidative stress, and long-term activation of autophagy, resulting in myocardial fibrosis and remodelling. Astragaloside-IV (AS-IV) has a wide range of pharmacological effects. This study aimed to investigate the effects of AS-IV on injury induced by HG in rat cardiomyocytes (H9C2(2-1)) and the involvement of the miR-34a-mediated autophagy pathway. An AS-IV concentration of 100 μM was selected based on H9C2(2-1) cell viability using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). We found that 33 mM HG induced a morphologic change in cells and caused excessive oxidative stress, whereas AS-IV inhibited lipid peroxidation and increased superoxide dismutase activity. In terms of mRNAexpression, HG increased miR-34a and inhibited Bcl2 and Sirt1, whereas AS-IV and miR-34a-inhibitor reversed the above effects. Further, LC3-GFP adenovirus infection and western blotting showed that HG increased autophagy, which was reversed synergistically by AS-IV and miR-34a-inhibitor. Bcl2 and pAKT/AKT protein expressions in the HG group was significantly lower than that in controls, but AS-IV and miR-34a-inhibitor antagonized the process. Thus, AS-IV inhibits HG-induced oxidative stress and autophagy and protects cardiomyocytes from injury via the miR-34a/Bcl2/(LC3II/LC3I) and pAKT/Bcl2/(LC3II/LC3I) pathways.